Fashion industry is the most larger industry nowaday. To have a broad view, 3,000 billion textile and garment companies are entering the market daily. Most of these companies remain unknown to the bigger part of consumers. Even though, that doesn’t mean they don’t thrive in their community and circle.
And now we will talk about the most used for fashion industry
Cotton is a material made from cotton fiber. Cotton fabrics are derived from natural fibers, do not contain chemicals that have Hypoallergenic. Being a natural fiber, cotton is a renewable resource and is biodegradable. Natural fibers, as opposed to synthetic like polyester. Cotton Fabric has hollow texture and it is breathable fabric, which means that it can cool to wear in hot conditions, has a smooth and soft texture, comfortable to wear, strong and durable.
Cotton, the most widely used natural fiber for clothing, grows in a capsule around the seeds of cotton plants. A single fiber is an elongated cell that has a flat, twisted, hollow structure. It has a medium-good elasticity, but with a lower resilience and a tendency to wrinkle. The perception on the skin is comfortable and soft, has a good absorbency and conducts heat well. Despite this, after long periods of use and prolonged exposure to the sun, it weakens. Cotton is widely used in numerous textile products and is commonly used to produce garments such as sweaters, towels, bathrobes, etc.
Rayon is one of the most versatile fabrics around, yet it remains somewhat of a mystery. That’s partly because of its remarkable ability to shape-shift—not just literally, but also in terms of imitating other fabrics.
Rayon has been known to take on the properties of silk, cotton, wool, and others, and can be used in nearly any type of clothing. This can make it challenging to pin down exactly what it is, how to launder it, and what type of weather it’s best suited for. To help boost your familiarity with this ubiquitous fabric, keep reading to see everything you need to know about rayon.
The rayon is made of natural polymers that simulate natural cellulose fibers. It is neither a true synthetic fiber nor a truly natural fiber. It is generally soft, smooth and comfortable, naturally very bright and highly absorbent. It is a very strong, resistant fabric and has a good preservation of the appearance. It can be used for blouses, dresses, jackets, linens, linings, dresses, ties, etc.
Rayon is made from cellulose obtained from wood pulp–usually from pine, spruce, or hemlock trees—and cotton linters, which are residue fibres clinging to cotton seed after the ginning process.
Viscose rayon is the most common and versatile. It can be blended with man-made or natural fibres and made into fabrics of varying weight and texture. It is also an absorbent, cost-effective and comfortable fabric to wear.
High-wet-modulus rayon is a stronger fibre than the regular version. It is similar to cotton and easy to care for. Fabrics containing modulus rayon can be machine-washed whereas those made of regular rayon need to be dry-cleaned. Whether it is wood pulp or cotton linters, the basic raw material for making rayon must be processed in order to extract and purify the cellulose. The resulting sheets of white, purified cellulose are then treated to form regenerated cellulose filaments. These filaments are then spun into yarns and eventually made into the desired fabric.
Linen, one of the most expensive natural fibers, is produced from the flax plant. It is produced with a high use of manual labor, and is therefore produced in small quantities. However the linen fabric is appreciated for its exceptional freshness in the case of hot temperatures.
It is known to be the strongest plant fiber. In spite of this, it has a low elasticity, and therefore it easily ripples. It is a relatively smooth fabric, but becomes softer after washing, and is highly absorbent. It is a good conductor of heat and keeps it fresh and bright during the time, it is therefore characterized by a very durable resistance.
In the clothing field it is used for the production of clothes, dresses, skirts, shirts, etc. Very often it is used as a blend with cotton to make it softer to the touch and pleasant to wear.
The wool fiber grows from sheepskin and is a relatively coarse and curled fiber with scales on the surface. It is composed of proteins. The appearance of the fiber varies depending on the breed of the sheep. Finer, softer and warmer fibers tend to have more numerous and regular scales. It generally has a curled appearance, and as a fabric it is very elastic, and another feature that could be advantageous is that it is resistant to static electricity.
In clothing it is used for the production of jackets, dresses, trousers, sweaters, hats, etc. It is a purely winter fabric, comfortable and pleasant to wear, which keeps the body warm.
The silk is a fine continuous filament, which unfolds from the cocoon of a caterpillar moth known as the silkworm. It is composed of proteins. It is very bright, thanks to the triangular prismatic structure of the silk fiber, which allows the silk cloth to refract light at different angles.
As already mentioned, it is very bright, has a smooth and soft and not slippery consistency. It is light and strong to wear.
In the clothing field it is used for the production of shirts, ties, blouses, formal dresses, high fashion clothing. It is also used for lingerie, pajamas, bathrobes, dresses and sun wears, so generally for very light and fashionable clothing.
In nylon, the fiber that forms the substance is a long-chain synthetic polyamide in which less than 85% of the amide bonds are attached directly to two aromatic nuclei. There are different forms of nylon. Each depends on chemical synthesis.
As a fabric it is very resistant, has a high elongation and elasticity, therefore very strong and durable. It has the ability to be very bright, semi-glossy or opaque. In the clothing field it is used for the production of socks, tights, leggings, etc.
Satin is one of the three major textile weaves, along plain weave and twill. The satin weave creates a fabric that is shiny, soft, and elastic with a beautiful drape. Satin fabric is characterized by a soft, lustrous surface on one side, with a duller surface on the other side. This is a result of the satin weaving technique, and there are many variations on what defines a satin weave.
Satin weaves are more flexible than plain weave fabrics, and satin is generally known for its lustrous finish and beautiful drape. Here are some characteristics of satin.
- Shiny front. Satin weaves create a shiny, soft right side of the fabric and a dull back due to the organization of the warp and weft threads. Satin feels soft and very luxurious.
- Beautiful drape. Due to the concentration of fibers and the pliability of the fabric, satin weaves create a soft and easy drape that makes them ideal for evening wear and curtains.
- Durable. Since satin uses long filament fibers which are woven in a very taut fashion, the resulting material is stronger than many plain weave fabrics.
- Wrinkle-resistant. Satin doesn’t wrinkle as easily as other fabrics, and thicker satins are less prone to wrinkles.
However, satin also has some downsides, such as:
- Snags easily. The threads can get easily caught in a satin weave, which leaves to unappealing snags.
- Difficult to work with. Since satin is soft and slippery, it can be unforgiving in the sewing process.